Knowing the basics of web design gives you a better understanding of how your website works.
You’ll have a better idea of what your web developer is trying to tell you and you’ll be able to speak to them in their language.
Additionally, knowing these terms help you to negotiate with your website developer or designer in a professional manner.
Here are some basic web design terms that you should understand and know how to use before you hire a website design company or a website developer to create your site.
A Content Management System (CMS) is a software program that makes it easy for you to create a website and publish content to it. It’s a centralized location that allows you to manage your website and its content without having to know how to code.
One of the best examples of CMS is WordPress.
Most of the website developers in Singapore use WordPress to create corporate websites & eCommerce stores.
Frontend development is the practice of writing code that runs in the browser, and it’s responsible for the styling, layout, and interactivity of a website.
In web development, frontend refers to everything that the end-user experiences when they interact with a website.
This includes the user interface, the visual design of the site, any graphics or images, etc.
In other words, frontend is all about how your website looks to the users. Therefore, it’s the responsibility of a website designer to create an enticing frontend for their client’s websites.
The backend is the part of the website that isn’t visible to the visitor.
The backend is the part that site owners can access to add, edit, and delete content on the site.
Most of the work done by web developers is in the backend. The backend consists of the database, server, and other code that helps your website run smoothly.
Backend is usually developed and managed by the website programmers.
#4 Web hosting
Web hosting is the service of storing and serving website files to a computer connected to the Internet.
A web host is an Internet hosting service provider, a company that provides file storage and related services for websites, email accounts, and other services.
Choosing a reliable web hosting company for your website is very important. Your website development company can also help you to choose a reliable yet affordable website hosting company.
#5 Domain name
A domain name is the address of your website. It’s like the street address of your physical address. It’s what people type in to get to your website.
Your domain name is the URL (website address) of your website.
For example, www.innomediaechnologies.com is the domain name of this website. When you combine a domain name and a website address, you get a domain name and a website address together, which is your website.
Most website development companies in Singapore help their clients to secure domain names as well.
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a security technology for establishing an encrypted link between a web server and a browser.
The purpose of this link is to ensure that all data passed between the web server and the browser remains private and integral.
SSL is an industry-standard and is used by all the major browsers.
All the professional web developers in Singapore understand the importance of SSL and therefore they always make sure to enable SSL on all the websites that they build.
PHP is a server-side scripting language designed for web development to produce dynamic web pages.
PHP code can be embedded into HTML. PHP code is usually processed by a PHP interpreter, which is either implemented as a native module on the web server or as a Common Gateway Interface (CGI) executable.
The most common use of PHP is probably for developing web applications.
Most of the website developers and web development companies in Singapore create websites using PHP.
A database is a collection of data – information that is stored and organized so that it can be retrieved and used.
The role of a database in website development is to store all of the information that is needed for the functioning of the website, as well as all of the information that is needed for the functioning of the business.
#9 Open Source
In the world of web development, “open source” refers to computer programming code (often referred to as “source code”) that’s designed to be shared and distributed freely.
Open source code is a great way to allow developers to freely use and modify code to create new programs.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language.
CSS is a language used to describe how a website should look. CSS controls the appearance and layout of elements on a website, including colors, fonts, and spacing.
#11 Website mockup
A website mockup is a website design without the content. It is sometimes also referred to as a wireframe, page layout or site map.
A website mockup shows all the elements of a website such as images, text, navigation, etc. but the website mockup is without any content.
There are two main ways to create a mockup.
The first is to create a low-fidelity mockup, which is a very basic visual design that looks like a template.
The second is to create a high-fidelity mockup, which is a more comprehensive visual design that looks like a finished website.
#12 Web design contract
A web design contract is a legal document that outlines the responsibilities of both the web designer and the client.
Having a contract in place protects both parties from any misunderstandings and ensures that everyone is on the same page.
Web design contracts define the scope of a web design project and establish the ground rules for working together. They serve as an important point of reference for both the client and the designer so that expectations are clear and there are no surprises later on.
#13 Website maintenance
Website maintenance is the process of managing your website to make sure it’s up-to-date, secure, and performing well.
Website maintenance is crucial to ensure that your website continues to run smoothly and delivers the best experience for your users.
It’s important that you keep your website updated with the latest technology.
#14 SEO-friendly website
An SEO-friendly website is one that is easy for search engines to crawl, read, and index.
It is also more likely to be found by search engines and ranks high in the search engine results pages (SERP).
SEO friendly means that your website is designed in such a way that it is friendly to search engines and the crawlers that they use for indexing the internet.
#15 Responsive website
A responsive website is a website that automatically adapts to look great on any screen size, from mobile to tablet to desktop.
This means that when someone is on your website on their mobile phone, your website will look just as good as it does on their desktop or tablet.
In other words, a responsive website can be viewed properly on a desktop, a mobile phone, and a tablet.
#16 Website header
A header is a graphic that displays at the top of a website.
The header is where the site title and slogan are displayed.
It has the primary navigation and is often used to display the logo of the company.
A plugin is a small piece of software written by a third party that can be installed and runs inside WordPress.
Plugins are the reason WordPress is so flexible and can be used for so many different purposes. All you have to do is search for the plugin you need, install it, and then activate it.
For example, there are plugins that enable you to add a contact form, add a photo gallery, or add a shopping cart to your WordPress website.
A theme is an overall design and looks of your website.
It could be a color scheme, or a logo, or a layout, or a combination of all of these elements.
It’s important because it’s the first thing your customers will see when they visit your website, and it will also help to define your brand.
#19 Control panel
A server’s control panel refers to the software that allows you to manage your server.
It’s usually a web-based interface that gives you access to your server’s hard drive, memory, and other resources.
The control panel allows you to install operating systems, configure additional software, and more.
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol and it is a network protocol used for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network.
FTP is built on a client-server architecture and provides a mechanism for uploading and downloading files to and from a remote server.
#21 Website proposal
A website proposal is a document prepared by website development companies for their clients.
This document contains the scope of work for the website, the payment terms, the cost to build the website, the technologies used to build the website, and some of the portfolio of the web design company
#22 Landing page
A landing page is a page on your website that’s designed to persuade the visitor to perform a specific action.
The most common uses of landing pages are to get people to make a purchase or to sign up for a newsletter.
Usually, it is a single web page that is optimized for conversion. It’s a dedicated page on your website that has been designed to convert visitors into leads or sales.
A call-to-action is a direct instruction to your customers to take a specific action on the website.
It’s easiest to think of a call-to-action like a button that says “Submit” or “Buy Now” or “Sign Up.
#24 Website contract
A website contract is a legal agreement between the owner of a website and the website design company or the web designer.
The contract states the terms of the agreement between the two parties and also outlines the responsibilities of both parties.
#25 Website cookies
A website cookie is a small text file that is transferred to the user’s computer or mobile device when they browse a website.
Cookies are then sent back to the originating website on each subsequent visit, or to another website that recognizes that cookie.
Cookies are useful because they allow a website to recognize a user’s device.
A favicon (pronounced “fay-vik-on”) is the little icon that shows up next to the URL bar in your web browser.
It’s a small, 16×16 pixel image that is displayed in the browser tab and in the address bar when you visit a website.
#27 Website update
Website updating is the process of making sure your website is up to date and is working properly.
It’s also about making sure it’s up to search engine standards.
Website updating is important because it helps make sure your website is working properly and is a crucial part of maintaining and growing your business.
#28 Website slider
A slider is a tool that allows you to quickly and easily switch between different images, videos, or other content. Sliders are a common feature on websites. They’re one of the most popular forms of a home page carousel.
#29 Website cache
Caching is the process of storing content on a server.
When a web page is cached, it’s stored on the device for a certain period of time so that if someone goes back to visit that web page, the cached version is displayed instead of having to load the original.
As a result of enabling the cache, the website loads faster than usual.
#30 Website wireframe
A web wireframe is a technical drawing of the layout of a website.
It can be used by website development companies & developers to understand the content and structure of a website in order to create it.